A former state department economist, Kelley's research looks at how human trafficking issues have been tracked as part of the State Department's \"Trafficking in Persons\" report. The scorecard has been an important tool to draw attention to the plight of trafficked people. Originally published in 2004, it put the United States at number 17 of 178 countries on its results. For the most recent reports starting with 2012, the United States had dropped to number 54.
Across the globe more than 20 million people are victimized by human trafficking, the modern form of slavery. Judith Kelley has been digging in to the WikiLeaks documents to see whether ranking countries on how well they are tackling human trafficking issues is having an impact on their efforts. Kelley is the Kevin D. Gorter Professor of Public Policy at the Sanford School of Public Policy at Duke University. Her new book is Scorecard Diplomacy: Grading States to Influence Their Reputation and Behavior (Cambridge University Press, April 2017.) 7211a4ac4a